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Introduction to Silicon Carbide Power Devices


Silicon carbide (SiC) power devices are semiconductor devices made of silicon carbide materials, mainly used in high-frequency, high-temperature, high-voltage and high-power electronic applications. Compared with traditional silicon (Si)-based power devices, silicon carbide power devices have higher bandgap width, higher critical breakdown electric field, higher thermal conductivity and higher saturated electron drift velocity, which makes them have great development potential and application value in the field of power electronics.

Advantages of SiC power devices

1. High bandgap: The bandgap of SiC is about 3.26eV, three times that of silicon, which enables SiC devices to work stably at higher temperatures and are not easily affected by high-temperature environments.

2. High breakdown electric field: The breakdown electric field strength of SiC is ten times that of silicon, which means that SiC devices can withstand higher voltages without breakdown, making them very suitable for high-voltage applications.

3. High thermal conductivity: The thermal conductivity of SiC is three times higher than that of silicon, which allows for more efficient heat dissipation, thereby improving the reliability and life of power devices.

4. High electron drift velocity: The electron saturation drift velocity of SiC is twice that of silicon, which makes SiC devices perform better in high-frequency applications.

Classification of silicon carbide power devices

According to different structures and applications, silicon carbide power devices can be divided into the following categories:

1. SiC diodes: mainly include Schottky diodes (SBD) and PIN diodes. SiC Schottky diodes have low forward voltage drop and fast recovery characteristics, suitable for high-frequency and high-efficiency power conversion applications.

2. SiC MOSFET: It is a voltage-controlled power device with low on-resistance and fast switching characteristics. It is widely used in inverters, electric vehicles, switching power supplies and other fields.

3. SiC JFET: It has the characteristics of high withstand voltage and high switching speed, suitable for high-voltage and high-frequency power conversion applications.

4. SiC IGBT: It combines the high input impedance of MOSFET and the low on-resistance characteristics of BJT, suitable for medium and high voltage power conversion and motor drive.

Applications of Silicon Carbide Power Devices

1. Electric Vehicles (EV): In the drive system of electric vehicles, SiC devices can greatly improve the efficiency of motor controllers and inverters, reduce power loss, and increase driving range.

2. Renewable Energy: In solar and wind power generation systems, SiC power devices are used in inverters to improve energy conversion efficiency and reduce system costs.

3. Industrial Power Supply: In industrial power supply systems, SiC devices can improve power density and efficiency, reduce volume and weight, and improve system performance.

4. Power Grid and Transmission and Distribution: In high-voltage direct current transmission (HVDC) and smart grids, SiC power devices can improve conversion efficiency, reduce energy loss, and improve the reliability and stability of power transmission.

5. Aerospace: In the aerospace field, SiC devices can work stably in high temperature and high radiation environments, and are suitable for key applications such as satellites and power management.

Semicorex offers high-quality Silicon Carbide wafers. If you have any inquiries or need additional details, please don't hesitate to get in touch with us.

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Email: sales@semicorex.com

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